Lothal - Gujarat

Attributes: Heritage, Around the City

This heritage place in Gujarat has no beautiful carving or monuments like others. But still you would love to visit this place for its history and to gain knowledge. Here, all you will see is broken and grounded town of red and grey burned bricks. Yet, we know that most of you have not seen this archaeological site and here we are telling you about it because it is a great asset to Gujarat and we believe that everyone should see it.

We are talking about Lothal where ancient Harappan / Indus Valley civilization used to live in 2450 BC. When you visit the place, probably you would not enjoy seeing the sight but the sheer history and its museum should amuse you.

Here are some of the reasons which will bring your eye balls out:

The Indus Valley Civilization is one of the most enigmatic and shocking events in human history. It is truly a classic example of desire for human excellence, even in those time,.

1) Indus Valley Civilization is the largest of the 4 ancient river valley civilizations. 

The Indus Valley Civilization was spread out over an area of 1,260,000 km² over modern day Afghanistan, India and Pakistan. The geographical spread is appreciable particularly when we consider the fact that all across this immense area, Indus Valley settlements exhibit the same hallmark features of their civilization. At its peak, the area must have been inhabited by well over 50 lacs people.

2) They had the world’s first planned cities with downtowns and residential areas (and perhaps, some of the best planned cities in the sub-continent till date).

A typical city would be divided into two sections, each fortified separately. One section, known as the acropolis, was located on an artificially raised mound while the other level was on level ground.

The acropolis contained the important buildings of the city, like the assembly halls, religious structures, granaries and in the case of Mohenjo-Daro the famous Great Bath. The lower section of the city was where the housing for the inhabitants was located. It was here where some truly amazing features have been discovered. The city was well connected with broad roads about 30 meters long which met at right angles. Houses were built with standardized baked bricks (which had a ratio of length to width to thickness at 4:2:1) and many had spacious courtyards. Some of the bigger houses even had multiple stories (levels) and paved floors.

3) They built urban sanitation systems non-available in the Ancient World till much later.
Every house had an individual well, a separate drain connecting to the drains in the alleyways which connected to the main street drains: all of which were covered. The street drains had descending levels so as to enable filtering out of waste. They were completely leak-proof due to the masonry expertise and even employed wooden nets at openings to filter out solid wastes! No other civilization enjoyed such luxuries! Half of India to this day doesn’t have access to such sanitation.

4) The HARAPPAN CIVILIZATION developed the most precise measurements humanity had at the time. 

The measurements were uniquely standard across the entire region, and followed a decimal system. Their smallest length division, which is marked on an ivory scale found in Lothal, was approximately 1.604 mm.

5) The world’s first dockyard: Lothal
Lothal had the world’s first ever artificial dockyard specifically for the purpose of loading and unloading cargo. While there are other contenders for the status of the world’s oldest port, Lothal is the oldest artificially engineered dockyard.

That’s it; we take a break now and let you explore this very old archaeological place. We are sure you will feel the way we did when we visited at this place. You will definitely visualize that how the Harappan people were and how they used to live there. Visualization reminds of something more to see there.

Do not forget to visit the museum there. Photography is not allowed so we could not take the pics of this museum but we can sure tell you a list of things you will see there. You will see almost everything that Harappan people used. Such as terracotta jewelry, vessels, kids toys, paintings, designs on pots, weapons, pieces of red clay pottery etc. And even the skeletons of two Harappan people in the same position at cemetery.

Tags: Ahmedabad Tourism, Places to visit in Ahmedabad

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